In general, buying a gun in Ohio is relatively simple as long as you haven’t committed a crime and have a government-issued photo ID proving your identity that you are over the age of 18 (21 for handguns).
You’ll have to pass a federal background check if you go through a federally approved dealer, which usually only takes a few minutes.
Then, after buying your gun, you can normally take it with you right away because Ohio does not have a waiting period.
You just need to show your age if you’re buying from an unlicensed private person.
Though Ohio is an open-carry state, if you want to carry a concealed weapon, you’ll need an additional license.
Below are three methods of how to buy a gun in Ohio where it is explained detailly.
How to buy a Gun in Ohio – Get the 3 simplest methods on how to buy a gun in Ohio
Method 1: Using a Licensed Dealer
- Locate a licensed dealer in your area: Typically, this is the safest way of how to buy a gun in Ohio from a federally licensed dealer also known as an FFL (federal firearms licensee) dealer. When you buy a gun from a licensed dealer, you can be assured that it’s in good working order and hasn’t been stolen or used in a crime. Many online directories, such as http://fflgundealers.net/transfer/ohio/, will assist you in locating a licensed gun dealer near you. Simply use your favorite search engine to look up “FFL dealers Ohio.”
- Visit the gun dealer in person with valid ID. A government-issued photo ID, such as a driver’s license, state identification card, or military ID, that shows you are over the age of 18 will be required when you go to the gun dealer to buy your gun (21 for handguns).
Your state of residence is also listed on your ID.
If you buy a gun from an FFL dealer and live out of state, you’ll usually have to transfer it to an FFL dealer near your residence before you can take it home.
If you’re buying a gun and live in one of the “unrestricted” neighboring states, including West Virginia, you might be able to walk out of the store with it if you pass the background check.
TIP: Ohio law prohibits sales of guns to anyone under the influence of drugs or alcohol. Other than that, there are no state-specific restrictions that go beyond federal law.
- Fill out the Firearm Transaction Record form: The Firearm Transaction Record form is a legal requirement in the United States that serves as an official record of your purchase.
As the gun buyer, fill out your details and answer a few questions about your history and record.
Sign and date the form after that.
- Specifically, you’ll need to provide your full legal name, address, date and place of birth, gender, height, and weight. While not required, you can also include your Social Security number to ensure you don’t get mixed up with someone else during the background check.
- You’ll also have to answer yes/no questions about your criminal and citizenship background, as well as about any domestic violence charges you may have on your record.
3. The dealer will complete the section for the seller of the gun, then call the National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS) and provide your information for the background check.
- Wait for your background check report to come back. The federal NICS check is the only background check needed for firearms purchases from FFL dealers.
It’s possible that state records aren’t included in this search.
When buying a weapon in Ohio, there are no additional state background checks required, but you will need one if you want to get a concealed carry permit.
- If the NICS check indicates you’ve been convicted of a felony, the dealer will be instructed to deny the sale.
- The background check is good for a single transaction. Although you can buy multiple guns in one transaction, if you come back to buy another gun, or if you buy a gun from a different dealer later, you’ll have to get another background check.
3. After the dealer provides your information, they will get a response saying either “proceed” or “denied.” Occasionally, you may get a “delayed” response. In that case, you may not be able to complete your purchase that day. After 3 days, if NICS is still giving a “delayed” response, the dealer can use their own discretion in selling you the gun
- Buy your gun and take it home if you live in Ohio. If you live in Ohio, you can take your gun home with you right after you purchase it. There is no such thing as a waiting period in Ohio. The dealer will instruct you on how to safely and legally move your firearm back to your house.
- Ohio doesn’t restrict the number of guns you can buy at one time, so you can buy as many guns as you want in one transaction.
- If you decide not to buy a gun on that day, your NICS check remains valid for 30 days. However, if you purchase a gun after that time has elapsed, you’ll have to get another check
- Arrange for transfer of your gun if you’re from another state. If you live in another state, you will most likely need to arrange with an FFL near your home to complete the gun transfer.
If you don’t already have one in mind, the FFL in Ohio will assist you in finding one near your home.
- If the state where you live requires additional background checks or information, the FFL in your state will take care of those before you’ll be able to take your gun home.
- If your state has a waiting period, your gun will be transported to the FFL near your residence, but you won’t be able to pick it up and complete the transaction until the time of the waiting period has elapsed.
Method 2: Completing a Private Transfer
The second method of how to buy a gun in Ohio talks about completing a private transfer.
This will better explain the various procedures of buying a gun in Ohio.
- Find a private seller or unlicensed dealer. If you don’t want to go through an FFL dealer, you can also buy a gun from a private individual.
You may find someone with a gun for sale on the internet, through advertisements at a shooting range, or at a gun show.
TIP: Under Ohio law, any private resident can sell a gun to any other private resident
- Show the seller your valid photo ID. Private sellers and unlicensed dealers in Ohio aren’t required to conduct background checks. However, they must make sure that you’re at least 18 (21 if you’re buying a handgun) and a resident of Ohio.
- If you’re not from Ohio, the private seller cannot complete the sale themselves. They can take your money, but they’ll have to send the gun to an FFL dealer in your state.
- Ohio doesn’t have any specific laws relating to gun shows. The rules in effect for a gun show depend on the rules of the organizer of the show and whether you buy from an FFL dealer or a private individual
- Buy the gun from the seller. Because private sales are relatively unregulated, it’s up to you to inspect the gun and make sure it’s in good working order and seems legitimate. If the serial number has been scratched through, that may be a sign that the gun has been used or transferred illegally.
- If you live in Ohio, you are free to take the gun home after you purchase it.
There are no additional criteria for private transactions, and the transaction does not need to be recorded.
You’re not supposed to register your firearm with the police or any other government entity.
- Transfer your gun to a local FFL dealer if you live out of state. If you don’t live in Ohio, you and the seller must fill out the Firearm Transaction Report before the gun can be transferred to an FFL near your home. The transfer will be completed by that FFL.
- If your state imposes any additional requirements, like as passing a background check, you must meet them before receiving your firearm. Those requirements will be communicated to you by the FFL in your state. You may also seek them out on the internet by searching on “interstate gun transfer” and your state’s name.
NB: Some vendors, especially those who sell online, may have preferred FFLs for their transfers. This is usually because the FFL offers them a discount. However, if you choose, you can still use someone else.
Method 3: Obtaining a Concealed Carry License
- Complete a firearms safety course. How to buy a gun in Ohio, you must obtain a certificate of competency after completing 8 hours of study in order to be eligible for a concealed carry weapons (CCW) permit. In-person training, including range time and live-fire instruction, must account for at least two of those hours. Your local sheriff’s department will have a list of courses that meet this criterion in your region. The following topics are covered in general by the course:
- Handguns and ammo should be handled with care and stored properly.
- Knowledge, abilities, and attitude toward safe shooting techniques are all important.
- Basic firearms training Demonstrated understanding of safe handling and storage rules
NB: Active duty, reserves, retired, or honorably discharged members of the armed services do not have to take the firearms safety course. Active duty law enforcement officers are also excused.
- Make a call to the sheriff’s office in your area. CCWs are issued by the sheriff’s department in the county where you live. CCWs are only issued by appointment in some counties, and applications are only accepted on certain days of the week in others. This information is generally available on your county sheriff’s department’s website, or you can call the non-emergency hotline during regular business hours.
- Go to https://buckeyesheriffs.org/county-map.php and click on your county to get contact information for your sheriff’s department.
- For your driver’s license, get a passport-sized color photo taken. Your portrait should feature your entire face against a white background. You may get these images developed at most drug stores, grocery stores, big-box stores, and other places that deal with photography.
- Your photo must be taken no more than 30 days after you submit your application form. You will not be able to use a previous passport photo taken for another purpose.
- Fill out the application form completely. At https://www.ohioattorneygeneral.gov/Files/Forms/Forms-for-Law-Enforcement/Concealed-Carry-License-and-Renewal-Application.aspx, you may download the application. can get a print copy from your local sheriff’s office. Complete the form completely and truthfully. Any incorrect information could result in a felony charge.
- On your computer, fill out the printable form. You must, however, print it in order to sign and date it.
- Use a blue or black ink pen and write legibly if you’re filling out the form by hand.
- Send in your application along with your fee. The cost of a new CCW is $67 as of 2019. Cash, personal check, or money order are the only forms of payment accepted by most sheriff’s agencies. If you’re paying with cash, you’ll need exact change. If you are a current service, veteran, or retired member of the armed forces, the charge is waived.
- You must also pay an additional $10 for an FBI background check unless you have lived in Ohio for the previous 5 years.
- You’ll be fingerprinted for your background check when you submit your application.
- Pick up your license when it’s ready. Expect your background check to take a few of weeks to complete. When your license is ready to pick up, the sheriff’s department will notify you. To get your driver’s license, you usually don’t need to book an appointment.
- Examine your license carefully when you receive it to ensure that all of the information is right. Let them know if there’s a mistake so they can correct it.
- Every five years, you must renew your license. Make an appointment with your county sheriff’s department before your license expires. Bring a completed application, your original license, a valid government-issued photo ID, and your renewal money to your appointment. The renewal charge is $50 as of 2019.
- You’ll also need a fresh passport-sized photo if you’re renewing from another county.
- If you relocate or change your name, you must notify the sheriff’s department within 30 days so that your license can be changed.
- If you are in immediate danger, apply for a temporary emergency license. Write a written declaration attesting to your reasonable fear of a criminal attack to indicate you are in immediate danger. A protection order, a court order, or a police report are examples of documents created by a public official. You can carry a handgun with a temporary emergency license if you haven’t completed a weapons safety course.
- You must be at least 21 years old, a legal resident of the United States, and otherwise permitted to own and possess a handgun.
- Emergency licenses are only valid for 90 days. You’ll have ample time to finish the competency certification. A temporary emergency license can only be renewed once every four years.
3. The cost of a temporary emergency license is $37 as of 2019
NB: Temporary emergency licenses can be issued to non-residents staying in Ohio for a brief period who otherwise meet the criteria.
After reading all this, you can now visit our gun shop to buy any gun of your choice.
You should understand that the methods listed above are for people that want to buy a gun directly from the gun store.
If you want to buy a gun online, you will have to order and the gun will be shipped to an FFL dealer near you.
From there, you can follow the procedures listed above when the gun is at the FFL dealer near you if you are from Ohio.
Gun Trading Online is always here for you if you need help on how to buy guns online.